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Home >> Basic Concepts >> Point to Remember

Point to Remember

  • Mores is to the folk society what law is to the modern society.
  • Maclver characterized caste as a closed status group.
  • Durkheim pioneered the method of multivariate analysis in sociology.
  • Bernstein distinguished two patterns of speech naming them elaborated and restricted codes.
  • Boas hold that there is not the slightest scientific proof that race determines mentality but there is overwhelming evidence that mentality is influenced by traditional culture.
  • Brown was associated with the concept of Interaction process analysis.
  • Marx and Althusser put forward the materialistic variant of the evolutionary theory.
  • Parsons argued that societies developed from organizational forms where relationship was based on status to those based upon contract.
  • Brown gave the concepts of external and internal systems.
  • Burgess classified societies according to their volume and density.
  • Comte saw society as a social organism possessing a harmony of structure and function.
  • Simon distinguished between three stages of mental activity- the conjectural, miconjectural and the positive.
  • Durkheim for the first time used the concept of social structure in sociology.
  • Promordial collectivities are another name given to ethnic group.
  • Thurstone,Likert and Guttman were associated with sampling procedures.
  • Lundberg codified cultural items into universal, alternatives and specialties.
  • The term group dynamics refers to adjustive changes in small groups.
  • To Robert Merton dysfunction is an activity that lessens the adoption or adjustment of the unit to its getting.
  • To Durkheim altruistic type of suicide is characterized in modern societies.
  • According to Durkheim the nature of solidarity of a society can be indicated by the nature of economy.
  • Merton believed that a political ideology as communism could provide a functional alternative to religion.
  • According to Malinowski elements of institutions included personnel, charter and norms.
  • Brown held that functionalism represented a triple alliance between theory, method and practice.
  • The tendency of the person to reject the culture of his own group is called lenocentrism.
  • The orientation that emphasizes individual choice and decision-making in determining behaviour is called altruism.
  • The phase psychic unity of mankind is associated with evolutionism.
  • A totem acquired significance because of social acceptance.
  • The superorganic view of culture has given by Darwin.
  • Sociology is confined to the study of forms of social relationship in their abstract forms is held by Idealistic school.
  • Thurston scale is type of attitude scale.
  • Morphology refers to the objective, scientific study of society for the purpose of pure knowledge and theoretical advancement.
  • Sumner has divided sociology into systematic and general sociology and historical sociology.
  • Max Weber defined sociology as a branch of study attempting the interpretative understanding of social action.
  • C.Wright Mills advocated the inverse deductive method in sociology.
  • T.Stuart Chapin was a pioneer in measurement of attitude.
  • The theory of relationship was propounded by Won Weise.