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Concept of institution in Sociology

Institution is an established way of behaving or established forms of procedure. It consists of all the structural components of a society through which the main concerns and activities are organized and social needs such as those for order, belief and reproduction are met.

The term institution was used by Parsons and Spencer in these sense.These sociologists considered institutions as central to the notion of society as an organism or functioning system. There are five primary social institutions= Family, economy, religion, education and state.