In modern times the nation is the largest effective community which is permeated by a common consciousness of a common kind. Some writers equate nation with statehood and opine that people of a state are a nation. Some writers who have recognized that the nation is distinctly an historical phenomenon are Hans Kohn, Frederick Hertz, Schumna, Karl Marx and Frederick Engels.
All these writers and thinkers agree that the nation is an historical and sociological phenomenon and that the nation is an historical and sociological phenomenon and that the nation evolved out of the amalgam of various racial and kinship groups after the break up of slavery and feudal societies. Nation is a territorial community as distinct from a racial, tribal or religious group of people.