According to Lenski in his Human Societies, the oldest and the simplest type of society is the hunting and gathering society. Such a society is characterized by a small and sparse population; a nomadic way of life and very primitive technology. They have the most primitive tools such as stone axes, spears and knives.
Hunter-gather society relies heavily on hunting wild animals and gathering food for its survival as it grows naturally in the form of fruits and vegetables. They represent a mode of subsistence dependent on the exploitation of wild or non-domesticated food resources. All societies used this subsistence strategy of hunting and gathering at some point of their evolution in modern societies. The main features of hunting gathering societies are as follows: