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Important Concepts

  • Affluent worker - Goldthorpe, Lockwood
  • Alienation- Hegal, Marx
  • Anomie - Durkheim used it suicide and later developed by Merton
  • Anticipatory socialization- Merton
  • Atomistic family- Zimmerman
  • Bureaucracy- Weber explained it as ideal type
  • Citizenship - T.H Marshall
  • Concentric zone theory- Burgess
  • Conurbation- Patrick Geddes
  • Conspicuous consumption- Thorstein Veblen
  • Cross cousin- Taylor
  • Cultural lag - Ogburn
  • Cultural reproduction- Bourdieu
  • Differential worker- Lockwood
  • Deschooling society- Illich
  • Dialectical materialism- Hegel and later Marx
  • Classificatory and descriptive system- Morgan
  • Division of Labour- used by Adam Smith later developed by Durkheim
  • Dysfunction and function- Merton
  • Emergent properties - Talcott Parsons
  • Ethnomethodolgy - Schutz and Harold Garfinkel
  • Ethnology - J.S Mill
  • Ideal Type- Max Weber
  • Little tradition - Robert Redfield
  • Internal colonialism- Gramsci,Lenin
  • Leisure class- Veblen
  • Labeling theory- E Lemart later discussed by Becker
  • Marginal Man- Park
  • Nuclear Family- Murdock
  • Organizational man - Whyte
  • Positivism- Auguste Comte
  • Folkways - Sumner
  • Grand theory- C.W Mills
  • Frankfurt school - Adorno
  • Oriental despotism- Karl Wittfogel
  • Asymmetric society- James S Coleman
  • Teknonymy- Taylor
  • Relative deprivation- Stouffe in "American soldier" ,later developed by Merton
  • Post Industrial society- David Bell
  • Pattern variables- Talcott Parsons and Shills
  • Reciprocity - Mauss
  • Role distance- Goffman
  • Social distance- Bogardus
  • Sociometry- Moreno
  • Sponsored mobility- Turner
  • Rationality- Max Weber
  • Styles of life - Robert Redfield
  • Status inconsistency- Lenski
  • Social Darwinism - Charles Darwin
  • Sociology- Auguste Comte
  • Utilitarianism - Bentham and Mill
  • Verstehen -Max Weber
  • Sib - Murdock
  • Total institution - Erving Goffman
  • Social circle- Zenienki
  • Hermeneutics - W Dilthey, Later Mannheim Gouldner and Schultz