Economist John Kenneth Galbraith (1979) claimed that the cultures of the Least Industrialized Nations hold them back. Building on the ideas of anthropologist Oscar Lewis, Galbraith argued that some nations are crippled by a culture of poverty, a way of life that perpetuates poverty from one generation to the next.
Most of the world's poor people are farmers who live on little plots of land. They barely produce enough food to survive. Living so close to the edge of starvation, they have little room for risk so they stick closely to tried-and-true, traditional ways. To experiment with new farming techniques is to court disaster, for failure would lead to hunger and death.
Their religion also encourages them to accept their situation, for it teaches fatalism: the belief that an individual's position in life is God's will.