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Alfred Louis Kroeber

An American anthropologist Kroeber made important contributions in ethnographic fieldwork as well as theories of cultural progress cultural determinism and philosophy of history. He refined the concept of cultural areas employing quantitatively additional concepts of culture intensity and climax.Inorganic,organic and super-organic are the three distinct levels of phenomena with the last being the result of induction of culture. Its development does not depend upon the organic; rather it is guided by laws peculiar to itself.

Major Works:
Handbook of the Indians of California (1925)
Configuration of Culture growth (1944)