Archaeological Anthropology traces the origin, growth and development of culture in the past. By past is meant the period before history when man had not acquired efficiencies of written language in order to record the story of his life. The archaeologist try to reconstruct the events of man's past dating back to millions of years ago.
Archaeology tells us about the technology used in the past by analyzing the tools people have left behind. On this basis it can shed light on the economic activities of the people. The engravings on the pottery, jewellary etc reveal the artistic capacities of the people. Certain aspects of religious beliefs can also be guessed by observing burial sites and the articles kept there.
The Archaeological Anthropology makes an attempt to understand the geological processes particularly the climatic phases that have left evidences in earth's surface. The archaeological evidences are found in abundance mainly in river terraces. The chief methods of archaeologists are excavation to discover artifacts dating to assign an approximate time period and to build the cultural history of man's past based on that.