Home >> Basic Concepts >> Competition >>Nature & Characteristics

Nature and characteristics of Competition

1. Scarcity as a condition of competition: Wherever there are commonly desired goods and services, there is competition. Infact economics starts with its fundamental proposition that while human wants are unlimited the resources that can satisfy these wants are strictly limited. Hence people compete for the possession of these limited resources. As Hamilton has pointed out competition is necessitated by a population of insatiable wants and a world of stubborn and inadequate resources.

2. Competition is continuous: it is found virtually in every area of social activity and social interaction- particularly, competition for status, wealth and fame is always present in almost all societies.

3. Competition is a cause of social change: Competition is a cause of social change in that; it causes persons to adopt new forms of behavior in order to attain desired ends. New forms of behavior involve inventions and innovations which naturally bring about social change.

4. Competition may be personal or impersonal: Competition is normally directed towards a goal and not against any individual. Some times, it takes place without the actual knowledge of other's existence. It is impersonal as in the case of civil service examination in which the contestants are not even aware of one another's identity. Competition may also be personal as when two individuals contest for election to an office. As competition becomes more personal it leads to rivalry and shades into conflict. Competition in the social world is largely impersonal.

5. Competition is always governed by norms: Competition is not limitless nor is it un- regulated. There is no such thing as unrestricted competition. Such a phrase is contradiction in terms. Moral norms or legal rules always govern and control competition. Competitors are expected to use fair tactics and not cut throat devices.

Some sociologists have also spoken of cultural competition. It may take place between two or more cultural groups. Human history provides examples of such a competition for example; there has always been a keen competition between the culture of the native and that of the invaders. Like cooperation, competition occurs at personal, group, and organizational levels. People competing for affection, a promotion, or public office all are examples of personal competition. The competitors are likely to know one another and to regard others defeat as essential to the attainment of their own goals.

  • Authoritarian personality - Adorno    Buy Now

  • Social Change - W.F Ogburn    Buy Now

  • Configuration of culture growth- Kroeber    Buy Now

  • Elements of social organization - R Firth    Buy Now

  • Plan of the scientific works necessary for the reorganization of society - St Simon with Comte    Buy Now

  • White Collar - C Wright Mills    Buy Now

  • The sociological imagination - C Wright Mills    Buy Now

  • The Function of social conflict - L.A Coser    Buy Now

  • Coming of Age in Samoa - Margaret Mead    Buy Now

  • Patterns of Culture - Ruth Benedict    Buy Now

  • The Chrysanthemum and the sword- Ruth Benedict    Buy Now

  • Bureaucratic structure and personality- Merton

  • Community: A sociological study- Maclver    Buy Now

  • Folk culture of Yucatan - Robert Redfield

  • Mind,Self and society- Mead    Buy Now

  • Dialectics of nature- Engels    Buy Now

  • The social construction of reality - Berger and Luckman    Buy Now

  • The anatomy of work - George Friedmann    Buy Now

  • Cities in Evolution - Patric Geddes    Buy Now

  • The social life of modern community- Kingsley Davis

  • Social research- George Lundberg

  • Significance and limits of category of social role - Dahrendorf

  • The sociology of economic life - Smelsor    Buy Now

  • The new man of power - C.W Mills    Buy Now

  • Society and knowledge -Garden Child

  • Cultural patterns and technical change- Margaret Mead    Buy Now

  • Class conflict in industrial society - Dahrendorf    Buy Now

  • Social processes - C.H Cooley    Buy Now

  • Culture and Ecology - Lowie

  • Primitive Culture - Tylor    Buy Now

  • Rise of Mentocracy - M Young

  • Citizenship and social class - Thomas H Marshall    Buy Now

  • The birth of the clinic - Foucault    Buy Now

  • Madness and civilization - Foucault    Buy Now

  • The birth of a prison- Foucault    Buy Now

  • Primitive society- Lowie    Buy Now

  • Studies in Ethnomethodology- Harold Garfinkel    Buy Now

  • The city- R.E Park

  • Democracy in America - Tocquerville    Buy Now

  • The little community and peasant society- Robert Redfield    Buy Now

  • Peasant society and culture - Robert Redfield    Buy Now

  • The acquisitive society- R.H Tawney    Buy Now

  • Equality- R.H Tawney    Buy Now

  • One dimensional man- Herbert Marcuse    Buy Now

  • Eros and Civilization - Herbert Marcuse    Buy Now

  • Soviet Marxism- Herbert Marcuse    Buy Now

  • An essay on liberation - Herbert Marcuse    Buy Now

  • Ancient Society - Morgan    Buy Now

  • Principle of population - Malthus    Buy Now

  • History of human marriage - Westermarck    Buy Now

  • System of logic- J.S Mill    Buy Now

  • Structure of science- Nagel

  • The human group -Homans    Buy Now

  • Phenomenology of social work- Alfred Schutz

  • Class in modern society- Bottomore    Buy Now

  • The future of an illusion- Freud    Buy Now