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Structural Features of Caste given by G.S Ghurye

G S Ghurye sees caste as social grouping or segments.The membership of which is obtained and fixed by birth.The castes or segments are arranged in terms of hierarchy.The Brahmans were placed at the top and the untouchables were kept at the bottom of the hierarchy. The principles of purity and pollution find their expression in the codes regulating the acceptance of food or drink from other castes.The ritual status of a caste,their rights and obligations are the crucial determinants of the nature of these disabilities.Every caste is associated with a hereditary occupation.As distinction is made between clean and unclean and therefore between pure and impure occupations the hereditary occupation of a caste reflected its status in society.Inter marriage between castes was prohibited .Individuals were allowed to marry within their castes only.


Emagzine