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Control theory

Sociologist Walter Reckless (1973), who developed control theory, stressed that two-control systems work against our motivations to deviate.

Our inner controls include our internalized morality—conscience, religious principles, ideas of right and wrong. Inner controls also include fears of punishment, feelings of integrity, and the desire to be a "good" person.

Our outer controls consist of people—such as family, friends, and the police—who influence us not to deviate. The stronger our bonds are with society, the more effective our inner controls are. Bonds are based on, commitments, involvements and beliefs.